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where is belize located

'where is belize located' is an ongoing research project by David Addison stemming from the initial question: which two pieces of music would you like played at your funeral?

Submissions will be compiled and aim to inform a visual art project in 2018. Possible outcomes include a public exhibition, critical text(s), digital archive, printed publication or presentation within an audio format.

Please share with anyone you feel may be interested or benefit in somehow from tackling the question. A varied dataset of ages, locations, gender and cultural identities will help realise a more fully formed response and critical understanding. If you would like to discuss any aspects of the project in further detail then please get in touch at daddison@daddisonish.com

All submissions can be made anonymously, if contact details are provided then any personal data will be stored securely and if presented publically you will be consulted for consent before any distinguising information is released in a public facing format.

A 'song' here is defined as any piece of recorded music or other composition of sound, instrumental or otherwise. Please supply the performer(s) of your chosen version of the piece rather than original writer if different.

As a result, Belize is running a biocapacity deficit.[80]. Guatemalans voted 95%[48] yes on the matter. - Belize is a state in Central America, located on the shores of the Caribbean Sea and bordering Mexico and Guatemala. Claim this business Favorite Share More Directions Sponsored Topics. The Maya Civilization spread into the area of Belize between 1500 BC and AD 300 and flourished until about 1200. Belize, country located on the northeast coast of Central America. Because a small elite controlled the settlement's land and commerce, former slaves had little choice but to continue to work in timber cutting. Belize Barrier Reef, coral reef that is second in size after the Great Barrier Reef of Australia and is the largest of its kind in the Northern and Western hemispheres. In 1997 the regular army numbered over 900, the reserve army 381, the air wing 45 and the maritime wing 36, amounting to an overall strength of approximately 1400. [17] It is considered a Central American and Caribbean nation with strong ties to both the American and Caribbean regions. [92] In agriculture, sugar, like in colonial times, remains the chief crop, accounting for nearly half of exports, while the banana industry is the largest employer. The Mestizos are the largest ethnic group in Belize and make up approximately half of the population. [121] Until the late 1990s, Belize was a Roman Catholic majority country. It is the only Central American country with no Pacific coastline. The mainland is crisscrossed with several rivers, waterways, lagoons and swamps. To the east in the Caribbean Sea, the second-longest barrier reef in the world flanks much of the 386 kilometres (240 mi) of predominantly marshy coastline. Belize is an island Myth. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Belize. In 1931, an unnamed hurricane destroyed over two-thirds of the buildings in Belize City and killed more than 1,000 people. Throughout the 18th century, the Spanish attacked Belize every time war broke out with Britain. The Great Depression of the 1930s caused a near-collapse of the colony's economy as British demand for timber plummeted. Since the reef plays such an important role in providing shelter for fish and other marine life, the Belize Barrier Reef is a pop… According to the 2010 census,[6] 40.1% of Belizeans are Roman Catholics, 31.8% are Protestants (8.4% Pentecostal; 5.4% Adventist; 4.7% Anglican; 3.7% Mennonite; 3.6% Baptist; 2.9% Methodist; 2.8% Nazarene), 1.7% are Jehovah's Witnesses, 10.3% adhere to other religions (Maya religion, Garifuna religion, Obeah and Myalism, and minorities of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Hindus, Buddhists, Muslims, Baháʼís, Rastafarians and other) and 15.5% profess to be irreligious. [37], These districts are further divided into 31 constituencies. The first British permanent settlement was founded around 1716 in what became the Belize District,[27] and during the 18th century, established a system using black slaves to cut logwood trees. Central Ameri… Tacos made from corn or flour tortillas and meat pies can also be consumed for a hearty breakfast from a street vendor. Barrow led the UDP to a third consecutive general election victory in November 2015, increasing the party's number of seats from 17 to 19. The names of these waterways, which correspond to the Sittee River, Sibun River, and Belize River, were provided to Delgado by his translator. However, also due to its location, it is currently becoming known in the global arena for attracting many drug trafficking entities in North America. According to PROLADES, Belize was 64.6% Roman Catholic, 27.8% Protestant, 7.6% Other in 1971. Its birth rate was 22.9 births/1,000 population (2018 estimate), and the death rate was 4.2 deaths/1,000 population (2018 estimate). On a world map, Belize is to be found in Central America between the countries of Mexico and Guatemala. , Iris Salguero Is Miss Belize Universe 2021, Health Measures And The Belize Tourism Industry, New Belize COVID-19 Measures Will Not Affect Tourists. In 2001 the Caribbean Community heads of government voted on a measure declaring that the region should work towards replacing the UK's Judicial Committee of the Privy Council with the Caribbean Court of Justice. They originally came to Belize in 1847, to escape the Caste War, which occurred when thousands of Mayas rose against the state in Yucatán and massacred over one-third of the population. Local government in Belize comprises four types of local authorities: city councils, town councils, village councils and community councils. [53] Another such case is the Caribbean Court of Justice's (CCJ) 2015 order on the Belizean government, which stipulated that the country develop a land registry to classify and exercise traditional governance over Mayan lands. From 3 to 5 September, the Spaniards tried to force their way through Montego Caye shoal, but were blocked by defenders. Infrastructure remains a major economic development challenge;[93] Belize has the region's most expensive electricity. Belize. To the north of Belize lies the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. Belize is in Central America. [30] As a result of their slaves' abilities in the work of mahogany extraction, owners in British Honduras were compensated at £53.69 per slave on average, the highest amount paid in any British territory. The bicameral National Assembly of Belize comprises a House of Representatives and a Senate. Belize is also known for its extreme biodiversity and distinctive ecosystems. [14] It became a British colony in 1840, known as British Honduras, and a Crown colony in 1862. Spanish conquistadors explored the land and declared it part of the Spanish Empire but failed to settle it because of its lack of resources and the hostile tribes of the Yucatán. Belize was granted independence on 21 September 1981. The surviving others fled across the borders into British territory. Belize is located less than two hours from the United States, with several daily flights to and from major hubs such as Miami, Florida, Houston and Dallas, Texas … 9 August 2017. The south contains the low mountain range of the Maya Mountains. [87], Despite these protective measures, the reef remains under threat from oceanic pollution as well as uncontrolled tourism, shipping, and fishing. Belize is a country located on the Caribbean coast of Northern Central America, on the Yucatan Peninsula. The 20th century saw the arrival of more Asian settlers from mainland China, South Korea, India, Syria, and Lebanon. [104], The Garinagu (singular Garifuna), at around 4.5% of the population, are a mix of West/Central African, Arawak, and Island Carib ancestry. On 11 November 2020, the People's United Party (PUP), led by Johnny Briceño, defeated the United Democratic Party (UDP) for the first time since 2003, having won 26 seats out of 31 to form the new government of Belize. Its substrate languages are the Native American language Miskito, and the various West African and Bantu languages brought into the country by slaves. [102] These slaves were ultimately of West and Central African descent (many also of Miskito ancestry from Nicaragua) and born Africans who had spent very brief periods in Jamaica and Bermuda. "SATIIM launches Maya lands registry to celebrate UN Indigenous Peoples day". After a generation of wrangling, slavery was abolished in the British Empire in 1833. The tournament is broadcast over local radio stations, and prize money is awarded to the winners. The Queen lives in the United Kingdom, and is represented in Belize by the Governor-General. Pro-independence activist George Cadle Price became PUP's leader in 1956 and the effective head of government in 1961, a post he would hold under various titles until 1984. A mosque is at the Islamic Mission of Belize (IMB), also known as the Muslim Community of Belize. Belize is the only country in Central America with English as the official language. Other threats include hurricanes, along with global warming and the resulting increase in ocean temperatures,[88] which causes coral bleaching. The 31 members of the House are popularly elected to a maximum five-year term and introduce legislation affecting the development of Belize. [79], The government of Belize faces important challenges to economic stability. Creoles, also known as Kriols, make up roughly 21% of the Belizean population and about 75% of the diaspora. In 2018, 66% of the murders occurred in the Belize District. Belize is a full participating member of the United Nations, Commonwealth of Nations; Organization of American States (OAS); Central American Integration System (SICA); Caribbean Community (CARICOM); CARICOM Single Market and Economy (CSME); Association of Caribbean States (ACS);[34] and the Caribbean Court of Justice (CCJ), which currently serves as a final court of appeal for only Barbados, Belize, and Guyana. [82] In 1842 Charles Darwin described it as "the most remarkable reef in the West Indies". A shorter, less rainy period, known locally as the "little dry", usually occurs in late July or August, after the onset of the rainy season. The Open Campus of the University of the West Indies has a site in Belize. According to the World Database on Protected Areas, 37% of Belize's land territory falls under some form of official protection, giving Belize one of the most extensive systems of terrestrial protected areas in the Americas. Soon afterwards, Esquivel announced the suspension of a pact reached with Guatemala during Price's tenure, claiming Price had made too many concessions to gain Guatemalan recognition. The pact involves the Caribbean Forum (CARIFORUM) subgroup of the Group of African, Caribbean, and Pacific states (ACP). The eastern coast of Belize is on the Caribbean Sea. According to famed diver Jacques Cousteau, the Great Blue Hole of Belize is one of the most spectacular dive sites on earth. [12][25], When Spanish explorers arrived in the 16th century, the area of present-day Belize included three distinct Maya territories:[26]. [98], Belize's population is estimated to be 360,346 in 2017,[99] and estimated at 408,487 in 2019. [20], In the 1820s, the Creole elite of Belize invented the legend that the toponym Belize derived from the Spanish pronunciation of the name of a Scottish buccaneer, Peter Wallace, who established a settlement at the mouth of the Belize River in 1638. It is positioned in the Northern and Western hemispheres of the Earth. In 2005, Belize was the site of unrest caused by discontent with the PUP government, including tax increases in the national budget. [84], Belize became the first country in the world to completely ban bottom trawling in December 2010. It is claimed by scientists that over 40% of Belize's coral reef has been damaged since 1998.[82]. It also has the largest cave system in Central America. We are a diverse country with various cultures and languages. Some other mestizos came from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, & Nicaragua. [13] European exploration was begun by English settlers in 1638. The Senate is responsible for debating and approving bills passed by the House. [19] More recently, it has been proposed that the name comes from the Mayan phrase "bel Itza", meaning "the road to Itza". A., Anderson, E. R., Flores, A. I. and Garcia, B. C. (2010), CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (. Perceptions of the government's relief effort as inadequate were aggravated by its refusal to legalize labour unions or introduce a minimum wage. Belize has a small, mostly private enterprise economy that is based primarily on agriculture, agro-based industry, and merchandising, with tourism and construction recently assuming greater importance. Cabinet ministers are members of the majority political party in parliament and usually hold elected seats within it concurrent with their cabinet positions. Of all the countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, Belize ranked 3rd from last and had the lowest female-to-male ratio for primary school enrolment. [38] In 2012, the Belizean government spent about $17 million on the military, constituting 1.08% of the country's gross domestic product (GDP). In Belizean folklore, there are the legends of Lang Bobi Suzi, La Llorona, La Sucia, Tata Duende, X'tabai, Anansi, Xtabay, Sisimite and the cadejo. The Maya speak their native languages and Spanish, and are also fluent in English and Belize Kriol. Most Russian Mennonites live in Mennonite settlements like Spanish Lookout, Shipyard, Little Belize, and Blue Creek. The pact may have curtailed the 130-year-old border dispute between the two countries. [136], In 2018, 143 murders were recorded in Belize, giving the country a homicide rate of 36 murders per 100,000 inhabitants, one of the highest in the world, but lower than the neighbouring countries of Honduras and El Salvador. Cherrington, E. A., Ek, E., Cho, P., Howell, B. F., Hernandez, B. E., Anderson, E. R., Flores, A. I., Garcia, B. C., Sempris, E., and D. E. Irwin. During the 1980s this included a battalion and No. [103], Belize Creole English or Kriol developed during the time of slavery, and historically was only spoken by former slaves. [124] Their data also states that the Baháʼí Faith is the second most common religion in Belize, followed by Judaism. Belize is a small country in Central America, south of Mexico and east of Guatemala. [74] By contrast, Costa Rica only has 27% of its land territory protected.[75]. From the beginning, it was largely Anglican and Mennonite in nature. Also, English is the primary language of public education, government and most media outlets. The Maya use maize, beans, or squash for most meals, and the Garifuna are fond of seafood, cassava (particularly made into cassava bread or ereba), and vegetables. [138] The violence in Belize City (especially the southern part of the city) is largely due to gang warfare. The Spanish employed them as soldiers, and they spread along the Caribbean coast of Central America. Belize is in South America Myth. The Belize national basketball team is the only national team that has achieved major victories internationally. Because Roatán was too small and infertile to support their population, the Garinagu petitioned the Spanish authorities of Honduras to be allowed to settle on the mainland coast. This yielded a valuable fixing agent for clothing dyes,[28] and was one of the first ways to achieve a fast black before the advent of artificial dyes. Education in Belize is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 14 years. The head of state is Queen Elizabeth II, who holds the title Queen of Belize. [5] Its mainland is about 290 km (180 mi) long and 110 km (68 mi) wide. Barrow and the UDP were re-elected in 2012 with a considerably smaller majority. The most recent hurricane to affect the nation was Hurricane Nana in 2020. Description Legal. Because of this, many drug traffickers and money launderers utilize banks in Belize. On Easter day, citizens of Dangriga participate in a yearly fishing tournament. Belize is shaped like a rectangle that extends about 280 kilometres (174 mi) north-south and about 100 kilometres (62 mi) east-west, with a total land boundary length of 516 kilometres (321 mi). The country shares borders with Mexico to the north and Guatemalato the south and west. In 1978, Hurricane Greta caused more than US$25 million in damages along the southern coast. [116][117][118] In 1862, the United Kingdom formally declared it a British Crown Colony, subordinate to Jamaica, and named it British Honduras.[31]. [49] A similar referendum was to be held in Belize on 10 April 2019, but a court ruling led to its postponement. However, he stated the election would be his last as party leader and preparations are under way for the party to elect his successor. To the east of the country is the Caribbean Sea and the many islands that are also part of the country. Economic conditions improved during World War II, as many Belizean men entered the armed forces or otherwise contributed to the war effort. It evolved out of the music and dance of loggers, especially a form called buru. In the 2003 elections the PUP maintained its majority, and Musa continued as prime minister. Central America is the isthmus … The Belizean diet can be both very modern and traditional. Belize has a diverse society that is composed of many cultures and languages that reflect its rich history. [147] Biles is of Belizean-American descent. Belize is located in Central America, south of Mexico, east of Guatemala, and north of Honduras. The history of Cross Country Cycling Classic in Belize dates back to the period when Monrad Metzgen picked up the idea from a small village on the Northern Highway (now Phillip Goldson Highway). It shares a border with Mexico to the north and Guatemala to the west. 1417 Flight RAF of Harriers. Spain's last attempt occurred on 10 September, when the Baymen repelled the Spanish fleet in a short engagement with no known casualties on either side. While only some 6.4% of forests inside of legally declared protected areas were cleared between 1980 and 2010, over a quarter of forests outside of protected areas were lost between 1980 and 2010. However, this ethnicity has become an integral part of the Belizean identity, and as a result it is now spoken by about 45% of Belizeans. Temperatures vary according to elevation, proximity to the coast, and the moderating effects of the northeast trade winds off the Caribbean. Under a new constitution, Britain granted British Honduras self-government in 1964. The two prevailing theories are that, in 1635, they were either the survivors of two recorded shipwrecks or somehow took over the ship they came on.[105]. They live primarily in Upper Barton Creek and associated settlements. 2016 World Fact Book of the United States Central Intelligence Agency. Running some 239 miles (386 km) of gorgeous Caribbean coast, Belize has more in common with the sunny Caribbean than with its neighboring Latin republics. Many people consider Belize to have a Caribbean-like culture similar to Jamaica, Cuba or the Virgin Islands. Belize is on the Caribbean coast of northern Central America. Belizean cuisine is an amalgamation of all ethnicities in the nation, and their respectively wide variety of foods. [115], Belize is also home to three Maya languages: Q'eqchi', Mopan (an endangered language), and Yucatec Maya. The race runs from San Ignacio to Belize City, a distance of 290 kilometres (180 mi).[145]. They vary, from foods such as rice and beans with or without coconut milk, tamales, "panades" (fried maize shells with beans or fish), meat pies, escabeche (onion soup), chimole (soup), caldo, stewed chicken, and garnaches (fried tortillas with beans, cheese, and sauce) to various constituted dinners featuring some type of rice and beans, meat and salad, or coleslaw. [73] As a part of the globally significant Mesoamerican Biological Corridor that stretches from southern Mexico to Panama, Belize's biodiversity – both marine and terrestrial – is rich, with abundant flora and fauna. Belize has a tropical climate with pronounced wet and dry seasons, although there are significant variations in weather patterns by region. Creoles are found all over Belize, but predominantly in urban areas such as Belize City, coastal towns and villages, and in the Belize River Valley. Belize Estate's influence accounts in part for the colony's reliance on the mahogany trade throughout the rest of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century. [27], However, the end of slavery did little to change the former slaves' working conditions if they stayed at their trade. As of 2017[update], oil production was 320 m3/d (2,000 bbl/d). ", "An Ecoregion-Based Approach to Protecting Half the Terrestrial Realm", "Belize protected areas 26% – not 40-odd percent", "SERVIR supports forest management in Belize", "Large Oil Field Is Found in Belize; the Angling Begins", "Ecological Footprint Accounting for Countries: Updates and Results of the National Footprint Accounts, 2012-2018", "Belize Barrier Reef Reserve System – UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Guatemalans trawling in Belize's southern waters", "Belize Bans Bottom Trawling in Exclusive Economic Zone", "Government Implements Ban On Offshore Drilling", Hurricane Richard gives Belize wake-up call, "Production of Crude Oil including Lease Condensate 2016", "Government of Belize Announces Intent to Acquire Control of Belize Electricity Limited", The BCCI Trade and Investment Zone – Investment Regime – Public Utilities – Telecommunication, 2012: A Remarkable Year for Belize's Tourism Industry, "The Composition and Distribution of Ethnic Groups in Belize: Immigration and Emigration Patterns, 1980-1991", "Belize-Guatemala Territorial Issue – Chapter 1", "Biocultural adaptation to disease in the Caribbean: Case study of a migrant population", "Belize 2000 Housing and Population Census", "Northern Belize Caste War History; Location", "Belize Population and Housing Census – Country Report 2010", "National Census of Belize Religious Affiliation, 1970–2010", "Muslim community officially opens Belize City Mosque - Channel5Belize.com", "Belize Demographics Country Profile | With Belize Census Data", "Serious Crimes Comparative Summary 2006–2007", "Belize Murders Down Slightly, Amidst Regional Spike", "La Ruta Maya – One of the World's Toughest and Most Historic River Races", "Belize Tourism Scores Gold With Simone Biles Tweet", "Simone Biles has support in another country: Belize", Belize National Emergency Management Organization, St. Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Rhodesia unilaterally declared independence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Belize&oldid=1000430881, English-speaking countries and territories, Member states of the Commonwealth of Nations, Spanish-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1981, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from August 2019, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Articles with dead external links from May 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from January 2014, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles needing additional references from November 2020, All articles needing additional references, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 02:17.

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