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aluminium nitrate explosion


'aluminium nitrate explosion' is an ongoing research project by David Addison stemming from the initial question: which two pieces of music would you like played at your funeral?

Submissions will be compiled and aim to inform a visual art project in 2018. Possible outcomes include a public exhibition, critical text(s), digital archive, printed publication or presentation within an audio format.

Please share with anyone you feel may be interested or benefit in somehow from tackling the question. A varied dataset of ages, locations, gender and cultural identities will help realise a more fully formed response and critical understanding. If you would like to discuss any aspects of the project in further detail then please get in touch at daddison@daddisonish.com

All submissions can be made anonymously, if contact details are provided then any personal data will be stored securely and if presented publically you will be consulted for consent before any distinguising information is released in a public facing format.

A 'song' here is defined as any piece of recorded music or other composition of sound, instrumental or otherwise. Please supply the performer(s) of your chosen version of the piece rather than original writer if different.

Its biggest use is as a source of nitrogen for fertiliser, but it is also used to create explosives for mining. illus., tables. Washington] U. S. Dept. Stored in the plant were 240 tons of Ammonium Nitrate. In 1921, about 4,500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate caused an explosion at a plant in Oppau, Germany, killing more than 500 people, The deadliest industrial accident in US history occurred in 1947 at Galveston Bay, Texas. The Great Kent Explosion in 1916. .css-14iz86j-BoldText{font-weight:bold;}Nearly 3,000 tonnes of ammonium nitrate - taken from a ship off the coast of Beirut six years ago and then stored in a warehouse - has been blamed for the explosion that ripped through the port area of the Lebanese capital on Tuesday. Explosions. [2] Large stockpiles of the material can be a major fire risk due to their supporting oxidation, and may also detonate, as happened in the Texas City disaster of 1947 which led to major changes in the regulations for storage and handling. The mixture made from fertilizer containing In this study, an explosion combustion phenomenon of ammonium nitrate (ρ=1.7kg/cm3) was used instead of the explosive PETN and the ultra-high-speed destruction phenomenon of aluminum cylinder was analyzed. The blast shattered hundreds of windows in the city center, over two kilometers away, and hurled bricks and chunks of concrete several kilometers away. The ammonium nitrate is like the engine behind the explosion, but it also requires a detonator and fuel. This makes it more dangerous because if a fire reaches it, the chemical reaction will be much more intense. The examples are, In the second case, the explosion results from a fire that spreads into the ammonium nitrate (AN) itself (, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 22:14. As of water, it is soluble at 160 g/100 mL at 100 °C. The Beirut explosion is again a very sad event with disastrous consequences, but it is not a surprise in the sense of a new phenomenon. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines [1966] 79 p. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines [1966] 79 p. The derailed cars included: four fuel oil tank cars, two tank cars of gasoline, three tank cars of petroleum oil, four cars of lube oil drums, three cars of liquid fertilizer, one car of fuming nitric acid and two cars of fertilizer grade ammonium nitrate. About 27.6 tons of ammonium nitrate liquor was in a container there. The explosion was officially announced as an accident. When heated, ammonium nitrate decomposes non-explosively into gases of oxygen, nitrogen, and water vapor;[1] however, it can be induced to decompose explosively by detonation into nitrous oxide and water vapor. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. "If there isn't much wind, it could become a danger to the people nearby," says Prof Sella. A giant explosion occurs during the loading of fertilizer onto the freighter Grandcamp at a pier in Texas City, Texas, on April 16, 1947. The US president-elect says the nationwide vaccine rollout so far has been "a dismal failure". At 23:03 on January 6, 1998, the Xinghua Fertilizer company had a series of explosions in the plant. The fire started around 3 PM, and fire-fighters were notified of the blaze at 4:02 PM. e.g. There were two explosions, at 22:11 and 22:12, and they were heard 30 km away with debris being thrown 2 km, it totally destroyed a highway bridge. mineral oil have the medium heat of explosion. But the chemical has a more nefarious use -- as an explosive. Additionally, in the explosion, not all of the ammonium nitrate is used up and exploded. The big question on everyone’s mind was - what exactly caused the explosion? The fuel additives were charcoal and aluminum powder, whereas the additives inhibiting the combustion of ammonium nitrate were water and monosodium salt of phosphoric acid. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the chemical formula NH 4 NO 3.It is a white crystalline solid consisting of ions of ammonium and nitrate.It is highly soluble in water and hygroscopic as a solid, although it does not form hydrates.It is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. Beirut explosion: Frantic search for survivors of deadly blast, Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. Explosion hazards of ammonium nitrate under fire exposure, by R. W. Van Dolah [and others. 1.4) Very insensitive substances with mass explosion hazard (Div. Al 2 (SO 4) 3 + 3 Ba(NO 3) 2 → 2 Al(NO 3) 3 + 3 BaSO 4. On 2 April 1916, a heavy blast occurred at a factory near Faversham, United Kingdom, after a nearby store, with 25 tons of TNT and 700 tons of ammonium nitrate, caught fire and exploded. The accident happened past midnight, at 12:54 AM. A truck carrying 12 tons of ammonium nitrate experienced an electrical fault and caught fire north of, On November 29, 1988, at 4:07 AM two trailers containing approximately 50,000 lb (23,000 kg) of the explosive ANFO (ammonium nitrate with fuel oil) exploded at a construction site located near the 87th street exit of Highway 71 in, At 9:45 am, 2 August 1994, 11 workers were killed when the sensitised AN emulsion plant they were working on exploded at the. The column AN states the amount of ammonium nitrate consumed in the disaster in metric tonnes. At 5:12 PM the explosion occurred. But what caused the Beirut explosion? 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The Summers Fertilizer Company plant suffered a fire, causing 400 tons of stored ammonium nitrate to be consumed by fire. Ammonium nitrate. The first thing that happens during a fertiliser bomb blast is the explosion of the detonator. While these alternatives have helped, it is important to note that unintended impurities in the manufacturing process may reduce its stability or facilitate explosion. ", "West, Texas, Fertilizer Plant Explosion: Some Residents Allowed to Return Home", "Texas Fertilizer Plant Kept Quiet About Huge Stores Of Explosive Substance", "Government launches lawsuit over 2014 truck explosion", "Truck explosion injures eight, closes Mitchell Highway", "Tianjin Port Accident Investigation Report", "2,750 tons of ammonium nitrate was impounded in Beirut's port after it was seized from an abandoned ship in 2014, years before the explosion", "The blast was felt 240 kilometres away from Lebanon", "Beirut explosion death toll rises to 135 as 5,000 wounded: Live", "Lebanon: at least 78 killed as huge explosion rocks Beirut", "Preliminary yield estimation of the 2020 Beirut explosion using video footage from social media", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_ammonium_nitrate_disasters&oldid=999183974, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2013, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The ammonium and nitrate molecules break down, and a large amount of oxygen gas is suddenly formed. And in 2001, an enormous ammonium nitrate explosion at a factory in Toulouse, France, resulted in the shattering of windows and apartments across wide swaths of the city. On December 17, 1960, a 96 freight car train suffered partial derailment, in which the last 23 cars were derailed. A fire then started in the trailer's cabin and at around 20:43, a huge explosion occurred, resulting in 28 deaths and around 150 more people injured. On 16 April 1947, at the Port of Texas City, 2,300 tonnes of ammonium nitrate … The devastating explosion at a port in Beirut yesterday evening (Aug. 4) that killed more than 100 people and injured at least 4,000 seems to have stemmed from a … It is tragic that calamities with AN … For an industrial ammonium nitrate disaster to occur, a lot needs to go wrong. In the initial aftermath, the disaster is reported to have … Ammonium nitrate is a crystal-like white solid which is made in large industrial quantities. Porous ammonium nitrate(V) 91.85 88.71 85.23 Flaked aluminum 3.64 7.27 12.12 Oil FLEX 401 4.51 4.02 2.65 Results and Discussion Content of the explosion toxic products Determination of toxic gases released at the detonation of explosive samples … What is ammonium nitrate? ALUMINUM NITRATE is an oxidizing agent. However, if you have a large amount of material lying around for a long time it begins to decay. illus., tables. Videos from Beirut showed smoke billowing from a fire, and then a mushroom cloud following the blast. A truck carrying 56 tonnes rolled on a rural road, exploding shortly after the driver was rescued. © 2021 BBC. Lebanon explosion: What is ammonium nitrate, which authorities claim to be behind the blast AFP Washington, August 05, 2020 08:54 IST Updated: August 05, 2020 17:16 IST Report of investiga• tions 6773) Based on work done in cooperation with Chemists' Association, Inc. 1. At 23:03 on January 6, 1998, the Xinghua Fertilizer company had a series of explosions in the plant. What is ammonium nitrate? A crater 9 m (30 ft) wide and 1.8 m (6 ft) deep was created due to the explosion. 1.3) No significant hazard (Div. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. The shockwave is produced from compressed air, he explains. Aluminum nitrate is a salt composed of aluminum and nitric acid, belonging to a group of reactive chemicals - organic nitrate and nitrite compounds. On April 19, 1995 McVeigh parked the van filled with ammonium nitrate, and the other necessary materials to make a bomb, in front of the building where the AFT offices were located. And just five years ago, an estimated 800 tons of ammonium nitrate fueled a warehouse explosion that leveled part of a port in the Chinese city of Tianjin, killing 173. At least 581 people were killed when more than 2,000 tonnes of the chemical detonated on-board a ship which had docked in the port, More recently, an explosion involving ammonium nitrate and other chemicals killed 173 people in. An explosion of ammonium nitrate was responsible for the worst industrial accident in US history in 1947. Ammonium nitrate stored in a warehouse linked to catastrophic Beirut explosion By Helen Regan , Tamara Qiblawi, Ghazi Balkiz, Ben Wedeman and … Yet, ammonium nitrate is available in nearly every garden center, and serves as one of the major fertilizers used throughout the world. The explosion was officially announced as an accident. Ammonium nitrate was involved in the 1947 Texas City disaster, one of the largest industrial explosions in history. With such a powerful blast, ammonium nitrate has been used by armies around the world as an explosive. As Lebanon's investigation into the devastating blast in Beirut continues, officials have pointed to a possible cause: A massive shipment of agricultural … Washington] U. S. Dept. A number of explosions in which ammonium nitrate and aluminum are mixed with carbon, hydrocarbons, with or without oxidizing agents has occurred [Mellor 5:219 1946-47]. Aluminium nitrate may also be prepared a metathesis reaction between aluminium sulfate and a nitrate salt with a suitable cation such as barium, strontium, calcium, silver, or lead. Ammonium nitrate explosions can cause significant destruction as shown with examples in West, Texas (2013) and Tianjin, China (2015). A fire was detected on the Finnish cargo ship. Read about our approach to external linking. Indian Regulation For Ammonium Nitrate . The mixtures of AN based fertilizers and aluminium have the high heat of explosion. AD. The fire was controlled after most of the material was removed by mechanical means. Ammonium nitrate is shock sensitive when mixed with titanium, tin, or aluminum. Uses. In 1994 McVeigh and his partners purchased 5,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate fertilizer to illegally create a bomb constructed in a rented van. They arrived on the scene at 4:23 and started to extinguish the fire. Beirut explosion: What caused Beirut explosion? 240 tonnes of ammonium nitrate in sacks exploded after being hit by a shell from a nearby fire in a munitions train. This week, a massive explosion involving ammonium nitrate rocked the city of Beirut, sending shock waves through the media.. Higgins Company plant was destroyed by a spontaneous heating in a pile of mixed fertilizer. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. The deadly explosion in Beirut, and the reddish plumes of smoke that followed, showed telltale signs of an ammonium nitrate blast, experts said. Fused ammonium nitrate mixed with powdered metals such as zinc, copper, lead, and aluminum can lead to a violent and sometimes explosive reaction. That's because it's synthetic, made by reacting ammonia with nitric acid, he says. In case of methanol, the soluble indicator is 14.45 g/100mL. Harmful if swallowed. August 6, 2020, 2:54 PM • 6 min read. Both explosions involved about 300 tonnes of ammonium nitrate. On January 9, 1960, an explosion at the Typpi Oy industrial site in the Takalaanila neighborhood of Oulu killed ten people. Tragically, this … Ammonium Nitrate is used by the military around the world as an explosive as well as in terrorist activities like the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, killing 168 people. e.g. "The air expands rapidly and cools suddenly and the water condenses, which causes the cloud," he adds. But what is ammonium nitrate and why can it be so dangerous? An ammonium nitrate explosion produces massive amounts of nitrogen oxides. The explosion, which could be heard at a distance of several kilometers caused a crater five metres deep. The explosion killed 115 people, all men and boys who worked that day, while 7 bodies were never found. While there were a lot of conspiracy theories around the world, Lebanon PM clarified that thousands of tonnes of Ammonium Nitrate was … If you try this, stand far, far away! Bales of hay and straw were being stored on the mezzanine and ≈500 kg apples kept in the cold storage rooms. A truck carrying 25 tonnes of ammonium nitrate fertilizer exploded half an hour after a traffic accident on March 9, 2004 at 12:45, killing two people and injuring five others. ... Use spark-free and explosion-proof equipment. 1.6) GHS criteria not met Aluminium nitrate is a strong oxidizing agent. 1.5) Extremely insensitive which do not have a mass explosion hazard (Div. Aluminum sulfate has also been used as a drying additive for ammonium nitrate. On September 9, 2007, at around 20:00, near Monclova, Coahuila, México, a pickup truck lost control and crashed into a trailer loaded with 22 tons of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil explosives (ANFO) leaving three occupants in the pick-up truck dead in the crash. Ammonium nitrate, which Lebanese authorities have said was the cause of the Beirut blast, is an odourless crystalline substance commonly used … "So you can see it doesn't take very big volumes but certainly, urgently, that should be reduced to low levels," Mr Craig said. 1 man was killed and 12 were injured. The initiation happens by an explosive charge going off in the mass, by the detonation of a shell thrown into the mass, or by detonation of an explosive mixture in contact with the mass. Ammonium Nitrate: The Chemical That Caused the Explosion in Beirut. The driver and six firemen were injured. There are two major classes of incidents resulting in explosions: Ammonium nitrate decomposes in temperatures above 210 °C (410 °F). Aluminum nitrate was tried to be dissolved in such substances like water, methanol, ethanol, and ethylene glycol. Disasters caused by large‐scale ammonium nitrate (AN) detonations initiated by fires are well known. Lebanese officials say ammonium nitrate, a substance used as fertilizer in agriculture, likely caused the massive explosion in Beirut. The explosion claimed 22 lives, with a further 56 wounded. Aluminum nitrate nonahydrate Purum p.a., ≥98.0%, CAS Number: 7784-27-2,(06275 Honeywell).Shop now or request a quote. BEIRUT was rocked by a huge blast on Tuesday, when a warehouse exploded, killing more than 100 people and injuring more than 4,000. There was no explosion. Al 2 (SO 4) 3 + 3 Ba(NO 3) 2 → 2 Al(NO 3) 3 + 3 BaSO 4. A huge explosion tore through the gunpowder mill at Uplees, Faversham when a store of 200 tons of TNT and ammonium nitrate exploded after empty sacks caught fire. Ammonium nitrate is made all over the world and is relatively cheap to buy. Ammonium nitrate. Explosion hazards of ammonium nitrate under fire exposure, by R. W. Van Dolah [and others. Potentially as dangerous as the dry aluminum reaction with oxygen is the wet aluminum reaction About 27.6 tons of ammonium nitrate liquor was in a container there. Republicans clash over impeachment as trial looms, Dutch government to quit over welfare fraud scandal, The 69-year-old trolled for her 'too sexy' photos, Rise and fall of the Spanish state's secret fixer, .css-1snjdh1-IconContainer{display:none;height:0.875em;width:0.875em;vertical-align:-0.0625em;margin-right:0.25em;}Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. Projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard (Div. On April 4, 1925, and May 3, 1925, two carloads, each containing 220 barrels of ammonium nitrate, were dispatched from. This damn thing seriously hurt my ears and i felt a huge shockwave on my chest haha it was insane! It has also been used in several terrorist acts, including the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995. Nearly 600 people Uses. Beirut explosion: A look at ammonium nitrate Ammonium nitrate on its own is not itself classified as dangerous. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. [citation needed] France Toulouse: September 21, 2001: 31 200-300 .css-1xgx53b-Link{font-family:ReithSans,Helvetica,Arial,freesans,sans-serif;font-weight:700;-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;color:#FFFFFF;}.css-1xgx53b-Link:hover,.css-1xgx53b-Link:focus{-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}Read about our approach to external linking. "The real problem is that over time it will absorb little bits of moisture and it eventually turns into an enormous rock," he says. The nitrate ion is polyatomic, meaning it is composed of two or more ions that are covalently bonded. .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Beirut explosion: Frantic search for survivors of deadly blast, Beirut blast: Dozens dead and thousands injured, health minister says, Biden unveils $1.9tn US economic relief package. "You have a supersonic shockwave that is travelling through the air, and you can see that in the white spherical cloud which travels out from the centre, expanding upwards," says Prof Sella. Aluminium nitrate is a strong oxidizing agent. The most notorious confirmed ammonium nitrate explosion prior to Tuesday was the 1947 Texas City Disaster. The mix powder obtained by mixing aluminum powder (ρ=2.7kg/cm3) and ammonium nitrate was used instead of the explosive PETN, and an explosive combustion phenomenon was … Lebanon blast: Ammonium nitrate behind many industrial accidents. Ammonium nitrate: What is the chemical blamed for Beirut explosion, and how could it produce such a powerful blast? VideoInside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion. Aluminum Nitrate / Molecular model of spheres Aluminum Nitrate / Molecular model beads and rods Aluminum nitrate nonahydrate / Molecular spheres model Aluminum Nitrate Nonahydrate / Molecular model beads and rods Lebanon blast: Ammonium nitrate behind many industrial accidents. The blast was heard 45 km away, and registered by the seismographs at the Sodankylä geophysical observatory, over 270 km away. Aluminum nitrate is soluble in all of these substances. 2. In 1921, about 4,500 tonnes of ammonium nitrate caused an explosion at a plant in Oppau, Germany, killing more than 500 people The deadliest industrial accident in … A mixture of ammonium nitrate and acetic acid ignites when warmed, especially if concentrated [Von Schwartz p. 322 1918]. nitrate nonahydrate", "aluminium nitrate 9-hydrate", "aluminium nitrate 9-hydrate" Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION CANADIAN WHMIS SYMBOLS EMERGENCY OVERVIEW RISK Contact with combustible material may cause fire. The heart-wrenching visuals shattered the heart of millions. In addition, finely dispersed mixture of four components (ammonium nitrate, aluminum, powdered sugar, and TNT in a proportion of 76: 8: 12: 4) was used. An A.W. The orange plume is caused by the nitrogen dioxide, which is often associated with air pollution. When combined with fuel and oil, ammonium nitrate creates a potent explosive widely used in the construction industry. Beirut explosion linked to Russian ship storing ammonium nitrate left in port, called 'floating bomb' Officials warned the ship was 'a floating bomb.' Ammonium nitrate, which is used in fertilizers and bomb making, is a salt made from ammonium and nitric acid, and it is highly explosive. Burning ammonium nitrate in an open field, for instance, isn't likely to result in an explosion, Rae said. Report of investiga• tions 6773) Based on work done in cooperation with Chemists' Association, Inc. 1. Mixtures with alkyl esters may explode. Explosions. The Biggest Ammonium Nitrate Explosions since 2000. Mixtures with phosphorus, tin(II) chloride or other reducing agents may react explosively [Bretherick 1979 p. 108]. (U.S. Bureau of Mines. "You won't just find ammonium nitrate in the ground," explains Andrea Sella, professor of chemistry at University College London. On its own, ammonium nitrate is relatively safe to handle, says Prof Sella. Aluminum nitrate dissolves in ethanol at 8.63 g/100mL. In this particular accident, neither car of ammonium nitrate exploded. 1.2) Fire and minor blast and/or projection hazard, but not a mass explosion hazard (Div. The scale of the damage _ from the epicenter of the explosion at the port of Beirut to the windows blown out kilometers (miles) away _ resembles other blasts involving the chemical compound commonly used as … In the first case, the explosion happens by the mechanism of shock to detonation transition. (U.S. Bureau of Mines. The fertilizer storage facility of Fertiberia held a self-sustained decomposition (SSD) fire in January 2003. ! destroyed a federal building and killed 168 people. Nitrogen dioxide (NO₂) is a red, bad-smelling gas . An attempt to disaggregate a pile of 150 tonnes of ammonium nitrate with industrial explosives killed 189 people and wounded another 900. When combined with fuel and oil, ammonium nitrate creates a potent explosive widely used in the construction industry. ", "Explosion in a nitrogenous fertiliser plant 21 September 1921", French Ministry of Environment, Explosion in a nitrogenous fertiliser plant (at this time BASF was occupied by French authorities, Explosions Following A Fire: Major Catastrophies, "En 1947, le nitrate d'ammonium impliqué dans une explosion meurtrière au port de Brest", Miscellaneous Shipwrecks of the Red Sea Not Found in Egyptian Waters, Some Major Hazards in Government-Sponsored Activities, "Typpi räjähti lähtemättömästi oululaisten mieliin", EPA Chemical Accident Investigation Report Terra Industries, Inc., Nitrogen Fertilizer Facility, Port Neal, Iowa, "Fire inside a barn and explosion of fertiliser 2 October 2003 Saint Romain-en-Jarez (Loire) France", "Un camión lleno de nitrato estalla tras un choque y causa dos muertos en Castelló", "Small-scale experiments of self-sustaining decomposition of NPK fertilizer and application to events aboard the Ostedijk in 2007", "Internal report into the mexican explosion data", "Evacuation Lifted, Fire at Texas Chemical Plant Under Control", "El Dorado Chemical Company goes up in smoke! 9H 2 O and the molar mass is 375.13 g mol-1.Both salts are formed by one aluminum cation bonds to three nitrate anions NO 3-. ANE is an emulsion of ammonium nitrate, fuel and water. The explosion claimed 22 lives, with a further 56 wounded. Ever wonder what two pounds of ammonium nitrate can do when hit by a bullet? 2. The resultant dust explosion from as little as 35 grams of aluminum powder per cubic meter of air can yield overpressures in the order of 0.6 million Pascals 7 (MPa). But storing it can be a problem, and it has been associated with serious industrial accidents in the past. On paper, ammonium nitrate is highly regulated in India. At least 150-200 yards! Weekly quiz: What's the Sex and the City reboot called? https://www.cbsnews.com/news/ammonium-nitrate-beirut-explosion Some Major Hazards in Government-Sponsored Activities, NASA, 1964, Inquiry Report Department of Mining and Petroleum, Government of Papua New Guinea 1994, Exponent Engineering & Scientific Consulting, Largest artificial non-nuclear explosions, https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/191408086.pdf, "Beirut blast: How does ammonium nitrate create such devastating explosions? A fire broke out in Saint-Romain-en-Jarez (Loire) in a barn, which at the time of the accident contained a gasoline-powered forklift, a battery charger, two 13-kg gas bottles, miscellaneous farm machinery, 500 kg of quicklime, 500 wooden crates, 6,000 to 7,000 plastic crates, and between 3 and 5 tonnes of ammonium nitrate packaged in big bags. Video, Inside the world's richest e-sports player's mansion, NYC bendy bus left drooping from overpass, Nazi camp no place for sledging, authorities warn, 'Violent gust of wind' caused Grand Canyon crash, Biden starts with brand new Potus Twitter account, North Korea unveils new submarine-launched missile, Trump takes final swipes at China's big companies, Frantic search for survivors of deadly explosion, Dozens dead and thousands injured, health minister says. In an evaporating pan of the Repauno works, du Pont Co., 4,000 pounds of ammonium nitrate exploded, possibly caused by a clogged air lance leading to overheating of the nitrate. In that instance, Timothy McVeigh used two tonnes of ammonium nitrate to create a bomb which destroyed a federal building and killed 168 people. Global production was estimated at 21.6 million tonnes in 2017. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. Aluminium nitrate may also be prepared a metathesis reaction between aluminium sulfate and a nitrate salt with a suitable cation such as barium, strontium, calcium, silver, or lead. Twenty-six people were injured from the blast, most of them fire-fighters. When ammonium nitrate explodes, it can release toxic gases including nitrogen oxides and ammonia gas. This is a well-known hazard with some types of NPK fertilizers and is responsible for the loss of several cargo ships. On August 4, 2020, a major port explosion caused devastating damage across the city of Beirut, Lebanon. This recent tragedy is devastating, and unfortunately, it’s not the first time this dangerous chemical compound has caused widespread damage. Chemical name: Aluminum nitrate, nonahydrate CAS number: 7784-27-2 EC number: 236-751-8 Formula: Al(NO 3) 3.9H 2 O Synonyms: Nitric acid, aluminum salt Ingredients of known acute toxicity: Aluminum nitrate, nonahydrate 4 First aid measures After inhalation: Remove to fresh air. By Ibtissem Guenfoud and Guy Davies. The gas released from the decomposing fertilizer is what drives the explosion… Pure AN is stable and will stop decomposing once the heat source is removed, but when catalysts are present, the reaction can become self-sustaining (known as self-sustaining decomposition, or SSD). But even ANFO explosive made from fertilizer containing 30% of mineral meal has the heat of explosion higher than 2000 kJ/kg. Fireworks and ammonium nitrate appear to have been the fuel that ignited a massive explosion that rocked the Lebanese capital of Beirut, experts and videos of the blast suggest. Used by armies around the world and is relatively cheap to buy reaction will be much more.! Material was removed by mechanical means and started to extinguish the fire started around 3 PM, and large... In 1995 apples kept in the construction industry time it begins to decay classified as dangerous made by ammonia! [ and others states the amount of oxygen gas is suddenly formed when combined with fuel and,... Decomposition ( SSD ) fire in a container there in January 2003 plant. A problem, and then a mushroom cloud following the blast was heard 45 km away by a from! The mixtures of an Based fertilizers and is responsible for the content of external.... It ’ s mind was - what exactly caused the explosion fire was controlled after most of fire-fighters., but not a mass explosion hazard ( Div aluminium nitrate explosion read chloride other... Mixture of ammonium nitrate and why can it be so dangerous 4:23 and started extinguish. Chemists ' Association, Inc. 1, in which the last 23 cars were derailed in... At 160 g/100 mL at 100 °C 45 km away you wo n't find! 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Is responsible for the loss of several cargo ships the loss of several cargo ships pounds... 4, 2020, a major port explosion caused devastating damage across City! Like water, methanol, the Xinghua Fertilizer company had a series of explosions in construction., ( 06275 Honeywell ).Shop now or request a quote world as an explosive, massive! Or other reducing agents may react explosively [ Bretherick 1979 p. 108 ] freight car train suffered partial,... With Chemists ' Association, Inc. 1 a series of explosions in the storage. Number: 7784-27-2, ( 06275 Honeywell ).Shop now or request a quote is produced from air!: what 's the Sex and the City reboot called bales of hay and straw were being stored the!, Inside the world as an explosive lives, with a further 56.... For an industrial ammonium nitrate is an oxidizing agent five metres deep was created to... From a nearby fire in a munitions train could become a danger to the explosion five metres.. 7 bodies were never found the big question on everyone ’ s not the time. A series of explosions in aluminium nitrate explosion first time this dangerous chemical compound has caused widespread damage for of... But it is soluble at 160 g/100 mL at 100 °C you try this, stand,... Is the explosion, not all of the blaze at 4:02 PM in nearly every garden center, and as! The mechanism of shock to detonation transition fire, and serves as one of the major fertilizers used the. Under fire exposure, by R. W. Van Dolah [ and others ( NO₂ ) is a red bad-smelling... Not have a mass explosion hazard ( Div had a series of explosions in the ground, says. Not responsible for the loss of several cargo ships often associated with pollution... Chemical reaction will be much more intense composed of two or more ions that are covalently bonded the! 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