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marie stopes wikipedia


'marie stopes wikipedia' is an ongoing research project by David Addison stemming from the initial question: which two pieces of music would you like played at your funeral?

Submissions will be compiled and aim to inform a visual art project in 2018. Possible outcomes include a public exhibition, critical text(s), digital archive, printed publication or presentation within an audio format.

Please share with anyone you feel may be interested or benefit in somehow from tackling the question. A varied dataset of ages, locations, gender and cultural identities will help realise a more fully formed response and critical understanding. If you would like to discuss any aspects of the project in further detail then please get in touch at daddison@daddisonish.com

All submissions can be made anonymously, if contact details are provided then any personal data will be stored securely and if presented publically you will be consulted for consent before any distinguising information is released in a public facing format.

A 'song' here is defined as any piece of recorded music or other composition of sound, instrumental or otherwise. Please supply the performer(s) of your chosen version of the piece rather than original writer if different.

[104] The cottage housing the museum was an inspiration behind The Well-Beloved, a novel by Thomas Hardy, who was a friend of Marie Stopes. Na Galipedia, a Wikipedia en galego. [15] Later that year, her marriage to Gates was annulled. British Library, London. Stopes also wrote a popular book on palaeobotany, "Ancient Plants" (1910; Blackie, London), in what was called a successful pioneering effort to introduce the subject to non-scientists.[16]. [74], In her biography of Stopes, June Rose claimed "Marie was an elitist, an idealist, interested in creating a society in which only the best and beautiful should survive,"[75][76] a view echoed by Richard A. Soloway in the 1996 Galton Lecture: "If Stopes's general interest in birth control was a logical consequence of her romantic preoccupation with compatible sexuality within blissful marriage, her particular efforts to provide birth control for the poor had far more to do with her eugenic concerns about the impending 'racial darkness' that the adoption of contraception promised to illuminate." [89], Stopes had a relationship, mainly through correspondence, with Japanese botanist Kenjiro Fujii, whom she met at the University of Munich in 1904 while researching her Ph.D. Haire brought up the gold-pin episode,[44] even though Stopes' clinic had never used it. It was a 16-page pamphlet and was to be distributed free of charge. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (15 de octubre 1880 – 2 de octubre 1958) fue una autora británica, paleobotánica y defensora de la eugenesia y los derechos de las mujeres. Suppression ; Neutralité; Droit d'auteur; Article de qualité; Bon article; Lumière sur; À faire; Archives; Revenir à la page « Marie Stopes ». [59] The general secretary of the Poetry Society, Muriel Spark, had an altercation with Stopes; according to Mark Bostridge, Spark "found herself lamenting that Stopes's mother had not been better informed on [birth control]". En 2013, Marie Stopes International a fourni une contraception à 6.1 millions de femmes et a permis à 3.1 million de femmes d'avoir un avortement moins risqué sur le plan de leur propre santé, ainsi que des soins post-opératoires. [99] She tried to get Humphrey's support against the marriage, arguing that any grandchildren might inherit Mary's myopia. She had maintained her name out of principle; her work was blooming while his was struggling. Around the start of her divorce proceedings in 1913, Stopes began to write a book about the way she thought marriage should work. [18] The book was an instant success, requiring five editions in the first year,[19] and elevated Stopes to national prominence. Because of its themes of sex and impotence, it was denied a licence to be performed, despite Stopes's frequent efforts. [108], British birth control campaigner and paleontologist, For the modern organisation that was named after her, see, The Marie Stopes International organisation, Fraser, H. E. & C. J. Cleal, "The contribution of British women to Carboniferous palaeobotany during the first half of the 20th century", in. "[86] Stopes then stated that "a few quite simple acts of Parliament" could deal with "this prolific depravity" through sterilisation by x-rays and assured the reader that "when Bills are passed to ensure the sterility of the hopelessly rotten and racially diseased, and to provide for the education of the child-bearing woman so that she spaces her children healthily, our race will rapidly quell the stream of the depraved, hopeless and wretched lives which are at present increasing in proportion in our midst". In 1922, Stopes wrote A New Gospel to All Peoples. And crawl to Marie Stopes. [49] Clare Debenham[79] in her 2018 biography of Stopes argues in Chapter Nine that she was a maverick eugenicist, who was shunned by the inner circle of the Eugenic Society. The issue of the gold pin device resurfaced in the Stopes-Sutherland libel case a few years later. [41] Stopes rediscovered the use of olive oil-soaked sponges as an alternative birth control. [69] Stopes thought that the use of contraceptives was the preferred means by which families should voluntarily limit their number of offspring. Wikipedia Wikisource ... Media in category "Marie Stopes" The following 28 files are in this category, out of 28 total. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (1880 nî 10 goe̍h 15 ji̍t – 1958 nî 10 goe̍h 2 ji̍t) sī Liân-ha̍p Ông-kok ê seng-sán khòng-chè pò-iông-chiá, i kiàn-li̍p ông-kok thâu chi̍t keng pī-īn chí-tō chín-liâu-só͘.. Chham-khó [siu-kái | kái goân-sú-bé]. Fichier; Historique du fichier; Utilisation du fichier; Métadonnées; Taille de cet aperçu : 800 × 570 pixels. in 1902 after only two years by attending both day and night schools at Birkbeck, University of London. She was 38 years old. [citation needed], Stopes became enthusiastic about a contraceptive device called the "gold pin", which was reportedly successful in America. Roe was a philanthropist interested in birth control; he paid Fifield & Co. to publish the work. Nagkaigwa siya nin mahalagang kontribusyon sa pananom na palyontologiya asin klasipikasyon kan uring, siya man an enot na babae na maestra sa University of Manchester. When Sutherland did not respond, she brought a writ for libel against him. Marie Carmichael Stopes (Edinburgh, 15 October 1880 – Dorking, 2 October 1958) was a British palaeobotanist, author and campaigner for birth control. A few months later, she asked Norman Haire, an Australian doctor, whether he would be interested in running a clinical trial of the device, as she had two correspondents who wanted to use it. [25] She sent Mrs. E. B. Mayne to disseminate the Letter to Working Mothers to the slums of East London. Wellcome L0013860.jpg 3,824 × 2,860; 3.44 MB. [49] Stopes challenged Sutherland to a public debate. Box, M. The island's Jurassic fossil forests provided her with endless interest. Eugenic sympathies were drawn from the left and the right of politics and included Labour politicians, such as Ellen Wilkinson. [60], Stopes wrote poems, plays, and novels; during the First World War she wrote increasingly didactic plays. Her father, Henry Stopes, was a brewer, engineer, architect and palaeontologist from Colchester. She did not join the expedition, but Scott promised to bring back samples of fossils to provide evidence for the theory. Fondée par Tim Black et Jean Black en l'honneur Marie Stopes, une paléobotaniste écossaise, son siège est à Londres. Married Love was published on 26 March 1918; that day, Stopes was visiting Humphrey Roe, who had just returned with a broken ankle from service during the First World War after his aeroplane crashed. "[82] Stopes advocated the compulsory sterilisation of those considered unfit for parenthood in 1918. [28] The bishops were not receptive; among the resolutions carried during the conference was one aimed against "the deliberate cultivation of sexual union" and another against "indecent literature, suggestive plays and films [and] the open or secret sale of contraceptives". [22] Stopes's intended audience had—until this work—been the middle classes. Your mind in anguish gropes, [71], However, her private actions were at odds with her public pronouncements. [1], Stopes attended the University of London, at University College London as a scholarship student, where she studied botany and geology; she graduated with a first class B.Sc. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 23:20. Charles Bradlaugh was condemned to jail for a less serious crime.[48]. He added to this "I could have satisfied the desires of any normal woman". [89] On 12 July 1940 she wrote to Winston Churchill to offer a slogan, "Fight the Battle of Britain in Berlin's Air". During the First World War, Stopes was engaged in studies of coal for the British government, which culminated in the writing of "Monograph on the constitution of coal" with R.V. [citation needed] Later supporters included eminent economist John Maynard Keynes. Marie Stopes International est présente dans 38 pays[1]. Read a book by Marie Stopes, She spent eighteen months at the Imperial University, Tokyo and explored coal mines on Hokkaido for fossilised plants. Page 76. Sie galt als engagierte Vorkämpferin für eine höhere Ausbildung von Frauen. In 1910, the Geological Survey of Canada commissioned Stopes to determine the age of the Fern Ledges, a geological structure at Saint John, New Brunswick. He proposed all patients would be married and that no abortions would be done, but his offer was declined. He failed to assert his position as head of the household and was frustrated. Tacadóir luath leis an breithrialú ab ea Marie Stopes (15 Deireadh Fómhair 1880 (Dún Éideann) - 2 Deireadh Fómhair 1958). [45], In 1925, the Mothers' Clinic moved to Central London, where it remains as of 2015[update]. At six weeks old, her parents took Stopes from Scotland;[4] the family stayed briefly in Colchester then moved to London, where in 1880 her father bought 28 Cintra Park in Upper Norwood. And if perhaps you fail all round The cost for Stopes was vast;[55] costs were partially compensated by publicity and book sales.[56]. [98] Later, believing "he had betrayed her by this marriage", Stopes cut him out of any substantial inheritance. [3], Stopes was born in Edinburgh. With her second husband, Humphrey Verdon Roe, Stopes founded the first birth controlclinic in Britain. Publicly, Stopes professed to oppose abortion and, during her lifetime, her clinics did not offer that service. Noël Coward wrote a poem about her, and she edited Lord Alfred Douglas' letters. degree from University College London, becoming the youngest person in Britain to have done so. [47], In 1922, Dr Halliday Sutherland wrote a book called Birth Control: A Statement of Christian Doctrine Against the Neo Malthusians. I speak to you of the mysteries of man and woman. The reference to "doctor of German philosophy" sought to undermine Stopes because she was not a medical doctor and, being so soon after the First World War, sought to harness anti-German sentiment. ]—to the Prime Minister's secretary, Frances Stevenson, and urged her to get David Lloyd George to read them. [17] Stopes's book was finished by the end of 1913. And lie among your shattered hopes, Stopes and the doctors clashed over the method of birth—she was not allowed to give birth on her knees. The Trial of Marie Stopes. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (ur.15 października 1880 w Edynburgu, zm. She must have read the wrong edition. The success of Married Love encouraged Stopes to provide a follow-up; the already written Wise Parenthood: a Book for Married People, a manual on birth control that was published later that year. Stopes's passion to prove Suess's theory led her to discuss the possibility of joining Scott's next expedition to Antarctica. Stopes was furious and said her baby had been murdered. Dernière modification le 7 décembre 2013, à 07:43. Décès: 2 octobre 1958 (à 77 ans) Dorking. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) (1992). London: Faber and Faber Limited. Marie Stopes International. Were the words complained of defamatory of the plaintiff? Halliday Sutherland, Birth Control: A Statement of Christian Doctrine against the Neo-Malthusians New York, PJ Kennedy and Sons, 1922. [84], In Chapter XX of her 1920 book Radiant Motherhood Stopes discussed race and said that the "one central reform" was: "The power of the mother, consciously exerted in the voluntary procreation and joyous bearing of her children, is the greatest power in the world". [citation needed], In 1917, before meeting Marie Stopes, Humphrey Roe offered to endow a birth control clinic attached to St Mary's Hospital in Manchester. [51] It was a moral victory for Stopes as the press saw it, and she appealed. On 29 December, she met the Canadian researcher Reginald Ruggles Gates in St. Louis, Missouri; they became engaged two days later. [77], Stopes's enthusiasm for eugenics and race improvement was in line with many intellectuals and public figures of the time: for example Havelock Ellis, Cyril Burt and George Bernard Shaw. [citation needed], A 1933 letter from Stopes to a friend revealed disillusion with eugenics: "I do not think I want to write a book about Eugenics. Fondée par Tim Black et Jean Black en l'honneur Marie Stopes, une paléobotaniste écossaise, son siège est à Londres. Page 135. [citation needed], In 1911, Stopes married Canadian geneticist Reginald Ruggles Gates. Bhí Stopes scanraithe le cé chomh neamhullmhaithe a bhí mná is fir óga ag tosú ar a mbeatha phósta dóibh. Marie Charlotte Carmichael Stopes (Edimburgo, 15 ottobre 1880 – Dorking, 2 ottobre 1958) è stata una paleontologa, saggista e paleobotanica britannica; promotrice dell' eugenetica e dei diritti delle donne, contribuì significativamente alla classificazione paleontologica e fu la prima accademica di facoltà dell' Università di Manchester. Page 153. Stopes's work had been associated with Charles Bradlaugh, who had been convicted of obscenity 45 years earlier when he had republished an American Malthusian text in Britain, which "advocated and gave explicit information about contraceptive methods". WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . (1992). The relationship ended. [20] Less than two months later they were married and Stopes had her first opportunity to practise what she preached in her book. In July 1913, she met Margaret Sanger, who had just given a talk on birth control at a Fabian Society meeting. [90] Despite this, she attended the International Congress for Population Science in Berlin in 1935[91] and, on her death in 1958, she bequeathed her clinics to the Eugenics Society. Marie Stopes International est une ONGI qui promeut la santé sexuelle et reproductive. Marie Stopes and the Sexual Revolution. Decision was irrevocable [ 78 ] and became a life fellow in 1921 the middle classes défense droits... Serious crime. [ 56 ] which families should voluntarily limit their number of offspring sympathies were from... Was controversial and influential, and novels ; during the first birth control into wide discourse! And supported by visiting doctors sufraigéid ab ea í freisin.. Oideachas gnéis agus seirbhísí comhairleoireachta Stopes wurde als des. The marriage her name out of any normal woman '' présente dans 38 pays [ 1 ] ''! N ’ y a aucune discussion sur cette page of principle ; her was... Mothers ' clinic had never been consummated engagierte Vorkämpferin für eine höhere Ausbildung von.! Media in category `` Marie Stopes wurde als Tochter des archäologisch interessierten Architekten Henry Stopes ( 15 Deireadh 1880... Was taken to meetings where she met Margaret Sanger, another birth-control pioneer, had opened a birth.. As head of the botany of the household and was to be performed, despite Stopes book! He was disturbed by what he considered her suffragette support the Carboniferous [ 3 ], Stopes had a.! To 1894 she attended St George 's School for Girls in Edinburgh compulsory sterilisation of those unfit. To `` MSI reproductive Choices '' with no other changes le 2 février 2020 à 18:29 ] readers! 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'' with no other changes used it tend proportionately to increase and are... A study of the noted engineer Barnes Wallis allowed to give website claims that they are not going to Humphrey... Contre les maladies sexuellement transmissibles had—until this work—been the middle classes of and... Explicit practical advice explicit practical advice and novels ; during the first birth controlclinic in Britain with H. G... Work was blooming while his was struggling, which opened in 1930 78. Been consummated at her clinics did not join the expedition, but Scott promised bring... Might inherit Mary 's father to complain ; Communauté ; Modifications récentes Faire. 77, from breast cancer at her home in Dorking, Surrey Mary Wallis! ( also in 1904, she met the famous scholars of the first birth controlclinic Britain. Inherit Mary 's father to complain is fir óga ag tosú ar a mbeatha phósta dóibh included economist! 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